James E. Allen Personal Papers
1955-1971

SC20854

Quantity: 8 boxes (8.0 cubic ft.)
Access: Open to research.
Use Restrictions: Papers are unrestricted and open to research. The researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming to the laws of copyright.
Acquisition: The James E. Allen Papers were given to the NYSL in 1993 by Mrs. Judy Dolven.
Processed by: Heather Moll, Student Intern, NYS Library, August 2005

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Biographical Sketch

Dr. James Edward Allen worked for the New York State Education Department for twenty-two years, serving in a number of executive positions.

Dr. Allen was born in Elkins, West Virginia and received his B.A. from Davis and Elkins College in 1932. He studied economics and public finance at Princeton University and in 1942 received a masters degree in education from Harvard University and in 1945 earned a Ph.D, also in education. He began his professional career in the West Virginia State Education Office and was engaged in educational research at both Princeton and Harvard. From 1945 to 1947 Dr. Allen was an assistant professor of education at Syracuse University.

In 1947 Dr. Allen joined the N.Y.S. Education Department and in 1950 was appointed Deputy State Commissioner of Education. Five years later he was appointed Commissioner of Education and President of the University of the State of New York and he held this position for fourteen years serving until February 1969 when he was appointed Assistant Secretary for Education in the United State Department of Health, Education and Welfare and U.S. Commissioner of Education. He served at this post briefly, resigning in June 1970 when it became clear he could no longer work with the Nixon administration because of strong disagreements over education policy and other issues. In October 1970 Dr. Allen joined the faculty of the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University and remained there until his untimely death on October 18, 1971.

Throughout his career Dr. Allen emphasized desegregating schools and literacy programs and was an expert in educational finance and fiscal policy. He holds more than twenty-five honorary degrees and has been honored by many state and national organizations and societies. He has written widely for various journals, magazines and newspapers.

Scope and Content Note

Dr. Allen’s personal papers predominantly include articles and speeches made while Commissioner of Education of the State of New York and as U.S. Commissioner of Education. Also included are personal and professional correspondence and other materials from his time in the Woodrow Wilson School of Public Affairs at Princeton. Dr. Allen served as a consultant on education for projects in the states of New Jersey and Massachusetts and his related findings are also found in the collection. His honorary degrees and other memorabilia are included.

The original order of this collection was a combination of chronological order and subject headings that corresponded to the position Dr. Allen held at the time the record was created and this arrangement has been maintained. Materials from the his final year of life, 1970, were less organized and a filing arrangement for these items had to be created. Original folder headings were used whenever possible. The original order has been maintained where applicable and most sub-series are organized in chronological order.

Dr. Allen was a prolific speaker and the bulk of this collection is typewritten copies of speeches he gave while in office. Many of the speeches, articles, and reports relate to ending de facto segregation of schools and using bussing to integrate public schools, particularly in New York City. Ending segregation was an important issue while he was commissioner of education in New York and this carried over into his role as U.S. Commissioner of Education. Most of the materials in the collection from that position relate to the Right to Read program Dr. Allen implemented before he left that office. Committee reports and proposal papers make up the second largest component of the collection and they appear in a sub-series related to the public office Dr. Allen held.

Series Description

Series 1: Speeches, 1955-1971.

Boxes 1-2

The majority of these speeches are from the time Dr. Allen was Commissioner of Education for New York State, although some addresses do appear from 1970-1971. They cover a wide variety of topics in the field of education on the state and federal level. The majority of the speeches are photocopies of typewritten manuscripts while others are carbon copies. Some speeches have penciled notes in the margins and a few are hand-written.

Series 2: Woodrow Wilson School Activities, 1970-1971.

Box 2

Dr. Allen was a lecturer at Princeton following his dismissal as U.S. Commissioner of Education and was chairman of “Exploratory Program in Educational and Public Affairs”. The majority of this series is made up of course syllabuses and materials related to education administration research and implementation of the new exploratory program. Financial records and educational policy department activities are also in this series.

Series 3: U.S. Office of Education Activities, 1969-1970.

Box 3; Box 7, Folders 1-5; Box 8, Folders 1, 2 and 4

This series includes committee reports and summaries along with drafts, policy reports, and other briefing documents. Memorandums, correspondence and public statements and specific information related to the Right to Read program and Dr. Allen’s efforts to end de facto segregation in American schools.

Series 4: New York State Office of Education Activities, 1955-1969.

Box 4; Box 7, Folders 6-8; Box 8, Folders 3-5

Official reports, press releases to and from the office, drafts of reports and official correspondence to and from Commissioner Allen. Court materials and other statements regarding integration are also included.

Series 5: Personal Correspondence.

Box 4

Personal letters to and from Dr. Allen, not in his capacity as Commissioner of Education. Includes one letter from an unidentified individual to his daughter Judy following the Commissioner’s death. Most letters are outgoing carbon copies with relevant materials attached.

Series 6: Consulting Activities.

Boxes 4-5

Working drafts and proposals submitted to Dr Allen for his review as well as recommendations made by him and materials used for his reference. Projects include the New Jersey Right to Read plan and the Massachusetts External Degree Program. Most of this series consists of reference materials supplied to Dr. Allen regarding external degree programs and open campuses.

Series 7: Miscellaneous Materials on Topics of Interest to Dr. Allen.

Box 5

Reports, articles and statements primarily made by others but kept for reference by Dr. Allen. One topic is student unrest on campuses in the late 1960s.

Series 8: Drafts and Reports.

Box 5

Proposal papers, confidential drafts and committee reports kept on file by Dr. Allen. Most are from colleagues asking for Dr. Allen’s opinion or proposals from committees on which Dr. Allen was a member.

Series 9: Publications with Articles by or about Dr. Allen, 1955-1971.

Box 6

The majority of the articles are interviews with him following his nomination to the post of U.S. Commissioner of Education.

Series 10: Awards, Honorary Degrees, Program Announcements and Other Memorabilia.

Box 6-7

Honors and citations from various universities and organizations from 1956 to 1971. Most folders include related correspondence prior to commencement exercises. Other materials include pamphlets and two scrapbooks, one from Davis and Elkin’s Founders Day and the other a collection of photographs and newspaper articles about Dr. Allen’s career.

Series 11: Miscellaneous Materials.

Box 8

Included are photographs, photocopies of newspaper clippings and assorted loose papers

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Speeches 1955-1971
Box Folder Description of Contents
1 1 Speeches 1953
1 2 Speeches 1954
1 3 Speeches Jan-Aug 1955
1 4 Speeches Sept-Oct 1955
1 5 Speeches Nov-Dec 1955
1 6 Speeches Jan-Apr 1956
1 7 Speeches May-Sept 1956
1 8 Speeches Oct-Dec 1956
1 9 Speeches Jan-June 1957
1 10 Speeches July-Sept 1957
1 11 Speeches Oct-Dec 1957
1 12 Speeches Jan-May 1958
1 13 Speeches June-Sept 1958
1 14 Speeches Oct-Dec 1958
1 15 Speeches Jan-Apr 1959
1 16 Speeches May- Dec 1959
1 17 Speeches Jan-Sept 1960
1 18 Speeches Oct-Dec 1960
1 19 Speeches Jan-Aug 1961
1 20 Speeches Sept-Dec 1961
1 21 Speeches Jan-May 1962
1 22 Speeches June-Dec 1962
1 23 Speeches Jan-Mar 1963
1 24 Speeches Apr-Aug 1963
1 25 Speeches Sept-Dec 1963
1 26 Speeches Jan-Aug 1964
1 27 Speeches Sept-Dec 1964
1 28 Speeches Jan-Feb 1965
1 29 Speeches Mar-May 1965
1 30 Speeches June-Sept 1965
1 31 Speeches Oct-Dec 1965
1 32 Speeches Jan-Feb 1966
1 33 Speeches Mar-May 1966
1 34 Speeches June-Sept 1966
1 35 Speeches Oct-Dec 1966
1 36 Speeches Jan-Apr 1967
1 37 Speeches May-Aug 1967
1 38 Speeches Sept-Oct 1967
1 39 Speeches Nov-Dec 1967
2 1 Speeches Jan-May 1968
2 2 Speeches June-Dec 1968
2 3 Dr. Allen Quotes from Speeches and subject list May-Dec 1969
2 4 Speeches Jan-June 1969
2 5 Speeches July 1969
2 6 Speeches August 1969
2 7 Speeches Sept-Oct 1969
2 8 Speeches Nov-Dec 1969
2 9 Speeches January 1970
2 10 Speeches Feb-Mar 1970
2 11 Speeches April 1970
2 12 Speeches May 1970
2 13 Speeches June-July 1970
2 14 Speeches Aug-Oct 1970
2 15 Speeches Nov-Dec 1971
2 16 Speeches Jan-Mar 1971
2 17 Speeches Apr-May 1971
2 18 Speeches June-July 1971
2 19 Speeches Aug-Dec 1971
2 20 Handwritten Notes for assorted speeches

Series 2: Woodrow Wilson School Activities, 1970-1971

Box Folder Description of Contents
2 21 Undergraduate Program Office
2 22 Historiography of Education
2 23 Educational Administration Bibliographic Materials
2 24 Public Administration 527 Background Data
2 25 Public Administration 527 Term Paper Topics
2 26 Public Administration 527 Syllabus
2 27 Public Administration 527 Supreme Court Cases
2 28 Public Administration 527 Correspondence with Guest Lecturers
2 29 Public Administration 527 Fact Sheets
2 30 Public Administration 527 Book Lists
2 31 Public Administration 527 General File
2 32 Exploratory Program in Education & Public Affairs Minutes Oct 22, 1970
2 33 Exploratory Program in Education & Public Affairs Minutes Nov 10, 1970
2 34 Exploratory Program in Education & Public Affairs Minutes Nov, 24, 1970
2 35 Exploratory Program in Education & Public Affairs Student Committee
2 36 Summary of Comments by Practitioners & Guests at Prospect Conference Dec 9, 1970
2 37 Exploratory Program in Education & Public Affairs Minutes (verbatim) Conference Prospect Dec 9, 1970
2 38 Exploratory Program in Education & Public Affairs Memo to Dean Lewis Jan 4, 1971; Addenda to Memo Jan 7, 1971
2 39 Outside Reactions to Memo to Dean Lewis of Jan 4, 1971
2 40 Exploratory Program in Education & Public Affairs Minutes Jan 7, 1971
2 41 Exploratory Program in Education & Public Affairs Memo to Dean Lewis Mar 31, 1971
2 42 Exploratory Program meeting with Dean Lewis 11:30 am May 6, 1971
2 43 Exploratory Program Discussion of Interim Report May 6, 1971
2 44 Exploratory Program Comments on Interim Report May 6, 1971
2 45 Exploratory Program General File
2 46 Exploratory Program Revised Interim Report May 25, 1971
2 47 Exploratory Program Outside Inquiries About the Program
2 48 Exploratory Program Meeting with Ford Foundation June 9, 1971
2 49 Exploratory Program Communications & Discussions with Ford Foundation
2 50 Faculty Committee on Exploratory Program in Education & Public Affairs Participants
2 51 Press Release Princeton Univ. Dept. Pub. Info. Oct 12, 1970
2 52 Financial Records Relating to Exploratory Program
2 53 Urban Policy Analysis (PA 525) notes and outlines

Series 3: U.S. Office of Education Activities, 1969-1970

Sub-series 3.1: Reports, Summaries and Drafts

Box Folder Description of Contents
3 1 Federal Draft of Education – review of proposal
3 2 Draft Copy of Departmental Goals for Operational Planning
3 2A 8/1969 To Improve Learning: A Report to the Secretary of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare by the Commission on Instructional Technology
3 2B Appendices to A Report to the Secretary of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare by the Commission on Instructional Technology
3 3 1/70 Educational Policy Research Center Statement on “Alternative Futures and Educational Policy”
3 4 Report by the Commission on Instructional Technology submitted 10/22/69
3 5 “Major Policy Issues and Implementation Problems in the Office of Education” Joseph Froomkin 10/68
3 6 The Teaching of Negro History in the Public Schools of the Nation
3 7 Final Report on the National Program of Educational Laboratories and related correspondence with Stephen Bailey
3 8 Task Force Reports and Summaries
3 9 Summaries of Task Forces on Education 1/70
3 10 Office of Education Annual Report 1970 and related correspondence with Don Sweeney
3 11 Office of Education History of Title I ESEA
3 12 Office of Education 5/70 report on Directed Research Program in Reading, Early Childhood Education, Vocational Education, Education Administration & Organization
3 13 Towards a Long-Range Plan for Federal Financial Support for Higher Education- A report to the President
3 14 A New Role for American Education
3 15 Projections of Educational Statistics to 1974-1975
3 16 Office of Education Problems and Issues December 20, 1968
3 17 Interim Report Subcommittee on Easing Tensions in Education May 9, 1969
3 18 Office of Education Commissioner’s Management Data Book December 1968
3 19 Selected Pages Relating to Education from a Report to President Johnson

Series 3: U.S. Office of Education Activities, 1969-1970 Sub-series 3.2: Office of Education Goals

Sub-series 3.2: Office of Education Goals

Box Folder Description of Contents
3 20 Drafts for proposed U.S. Office of Education goal statements
3 21 Dept. HEW/OE memo regarding education goals
3 22 Reports and statements regarding improvements to educational policy
Series 3: U.S. Office of Education Activities, 1969-1970
Sub-series 3.3: Official Statements by Commissioner Allen
Box Folder Description of Contents
3 23 Statement on coeducation – date unknown
3 24 Statement on 1971 Office of Education Budget Request – date unknown
3 25 Statement on civil rights education – date unknown
3 26 7/8/1969 statement on civil rights guidelines
3 27 8/29/1969 statement to secondary school principals
3 28 9/1969 statement on student unrest to sec. school principals an CSSOs
3 29 10/1969 statement to National Youth Conference on the Atom
3 30 3/1970 statement on the obligation of the educator with respect to school desegregation
3 31 4/21/1970 statement on open admission policies and quota systems
3 32 5/1970 statement on Kent University violence
3 33 6/1970 materials regarding “Cambodia statement” and subsequent dismissal
3 34 9/70 statement regarding nomination of Sidney Marland as new U.S. Commissioner of Education
Series 3: U.S. Office of Education Activities, 1969-1970
Sub-series 3.4: Messages from the White House regarding education
Box Folder Description of Contents
3 35 11/1/1964 Policy Paper on Education
3 36 4/1965 statements regarding the passage of the Education Bill
3 37 2/28/1967 message on education and health in America
3 38 5/1969 announcement regarding Senate confirmation of Dr. Allen’s appointment as U.S. Commissioner of Education
3 39 3/1970 President’s Message on Educational Reform
3 40 4/1970 Vice President’s address on administrative and admissions policies of American colleges and universities
3 41 1/22/1971 Pres. Nixon’s State of the Union-underlines by Dr. Allen
Series 3: U.S. Office of Education Activities, 1969-1970
Sub-series 3.5 Memorandum and Correspondence to and from Dr. Allen
Box Folder Description of Contents
3 42 1/1969 “Education Power” Talent Search Helps Poor Realize Their Potential”- Bryce Nelson
3 43 2/1969 National Education Association Critical Issues Conference – John Hagan
3 44 2/1969 “Proposal for Full Federal Funding for 4th Quarter School District Operation” – John Sulich
3 45 3/1969 “Philadelphia Career Panorama” – Norman E. Townsend, Sr.
3 46 3/1969 National Advisory Council on Supplementary Centers and Services (Title III- ESEA) – James A. Hazlett
3 47 3/1969 “The Limits of Campus Liberty” – James B. Donovan
3 48 3/1969 Elementary-Secondary Education
3 49 3/5/1969 “Toward the Development of Effective Instructional Technology and American Education” – Kenneth Komoski
3 50 4/17/1969 Experimental School Program
3 51 5/27/1969 Memo re: Strategy Options for Urban Education Legislation
3 52 5/1969 Public Affairs/Public Relations – Walter King
3 53 12/13/1969 Presidential Decisions on HEW 1971 Budget
3 54 12/16/1969 Memo re: Higher Education Message
3 55 12/17/1969 proposed statement – State of the Union Message
3 56 ½/1970 Memo to Secretary re: Moynihan memo on proposals for presidential action regarding education
3 57 3/11/1970 Memorandum of the President Regarding School Desegregation
3 58 3/16/1970 Memorandum regarding Presidential Message on Higher Education
3 59 4/17/1970 Memorandum to Secretary re: OE 1971 Budget
3 60 5/5/1969 Letter to President re: 1972 Budget
3 61 5/21/1970 Memorandum for the President re: Emergency Education Assistance Act 1970
3 62 Communications with President Nixon
3 63 Communications with Secretary Finch

Series 3: U.S. Office of Education Activities, 1969-1970

Sub-series 3.6: Desegregation Materials

Box Folder Description of Contents
3 64 Statement on “Civil Rights Education” – date unknown
3 65 Statement on “The Obligation of the Educator with Respect to School Desegregation” – date unknown
3 66 11/16/1966 “The Progress and Problems in School Desegregation” by David S. Seeley
3 67 2/16/1970 Memorandum and report to Secretary of HEW re: Department’s Desegregation Game Plan
3 68 2/18/1970 summary statement integration, busing, de facto segregation and neighborhood schools
3 69 3/1970 Position Paper on Integration: A Call to Conscience
3 70 3/9/1970 Telegram to Massachusetts Commissioner of Education re: eliminating barriers to equal education
3 71 3/10/1970 Draft of Integration Statement
3 72 3/11/1970 Memo to President re: School Desegregation
3 73 3/24/1970 Policy Statement by Pres. Nixon re: School Desegregation
3 74 5/1970 Memos re: Desegregation Legislation Statement before House General Subcommittee on Education

Series 3: U.S. Office of Education Activities, 1969-1970

Sub-Series 3.7 Right to Read Materials

Box Folder Description of Contents
3 75 4/27/1970 Management Bulletin regarding reading
3 76 10/1970-9/1971 Personal Correspondence re: Right to Read
3 77 August 1970 Proposal and Correspondence to Foundations regarding Right to Read
3 78 Right to Read Program Chronological History – date unknown
3 79 Draft for Preliminary Plan for National Right to Read Effort March 20, 1970
3 80 Presentation Notes regarding Right to Read – date unknown
3 81 9/23/1969 address: Right to Read – Target for the 70s
3 82 10/3/1969 address: The Right to Read – Challenge for Local Leadership
3 83 3/30/1970 address: The Right to Read: The Role of the Volunteer
3 84 4/19/1970 address: The Role of the Elementary School Principal in Achieving the Right to Read Goal
3 85 5/14/1970 Memo to Ehrlichman re: Right to Read
3 86 11/13/1970 the Right to Read – Reemphasized
3 87 2/1971 correspondence and copy of article Right to Read – Responsibility to Parents
3 88 7/1/1971 address: The Missing Ingredient in the Right to Read Effort
3 89 Articles and statements regarding libraries and the Right to Read
3 90 Memorandums, articles and reports regarding the creation of the National Reading Council

Series 3: U.S. Office of Education Activities, 1969-1970

Sub-series 3.8 Misc. Materials from U.S. Office of Education

Box Folder Description of Contents
3 91 Department of Health Education and Welfare Organizational Information
3 92 Department of Health Education and Welfare messages/press releases regarding appointments
3 93 Draft for Education Act of 1970 – date unknown
3 94 James E. Allen Jr., Appointment as U.S. Commissioner of Education
3 95 Materials relating to Gregory Anrig, Chairman Subcommittee for Easing Tensions in Education
3 96 Materials Relating to Jim Gallagher and the Office of Education
3 97 Right to Read related pamphlets
3 98 Materials Relating Daniel P. Moynihan, counselor to Pres. Nixon
3 99 USOE – “Manpower” Kiplinger Paper October 1968
3 100 USOE – “Significant Developments in Education During 1968” Mortimer Smith, Council on Basic Education October 1968
3 101 Review of Department of Office of Education – draft
3 102 Towards a Long-Range Plan for Federal Financing Support for Higher Education

Series 4: New York State Office of Education Activities, 1955-1969

Sub-series 4.1 Reports, Statements and Drafts

Box Folder Description of Contents
4 1 Committee for Economic Development – The Meaning of Equality
4 2 Continuing Education – NYS Regents Position Paper
4 3 Educational Goals and Values
4 4 Educational Trends in the 1960s and 1970s
4 5 Federal Legislative Programs-NYS Brochure for 1969-1970
4 6 Inaugural Address of President Samuel B. Gould
4 7 Intensive Program for the Attainment of Educational Achievement in Deprived Area Schools on NYC – Ken Clark
4 8 NYC – Schinner Report 1961
4 9 A Preliminary Legislative Report on the Rescheduling of the School Year
4 10 Press Releases -1958-1969 – to and from the NYS Education Department
4 11 Problems and Issues in Financing NYS Education
4 12 Publications by Board of Regents
4 13 Report of the President’s Task Force on Education, November 14, 1964
4 14 Reports and Memorandums
4 15 Sample Illustrative Materials to Show Extended School Year Designs and Related Ideas and Concepts
4 16 School Finance – Early 1969 Charge to NYS School Finance Commission
4 17 Special Communication to Regents
4 18 Staff Utilization and Technology
4 19 Test Results of the 1965 Pupil Evaluation Program in NYS
4 20 Testimonies before Congressional Committees
4 21 Transcript of White House Conference on Education 1965

Series 4: New York State Office of Education Activities, 1955-1969

Sub-series 4.2: Materials Related to Integration of NY Schools

Box Folder Description of Contents
4 22 Court of Appeals State of New York, Supplementary Brief of Respondent, Commissioner of Education
4 23 NYS Bar Association Committee on Civil Rights
4 24 Plan for Integration, Board of Education City of New York
4 25 Report on the Projects Funded Under State Aid for Correcting Racial Imbalance, 1967-1968
4 26 Integration – Busing statements
4 27 Integration – General Statements and Memorandums
4 28 Integration-related reference materials

Series 4: New York State Office of Education Activities, 1955-1969

Sub-series 4.3: NYS Commissioner of Education Correspondence

Box Folder Description of Contents
4 29 Official Correspondence 1955-1963
4 30 Official Correspondence 1964-1969

Series 5: Personal Correspondence

Box Folder Description of Contents
4 31 July-Dec 1961
4 32 Jan-June 1963
4 33 July-Dec 1963
4 34 Jan-June 1964
4 35 1969
4 36 1970
4 37 1971
4 38 Correspondence regarding Statement on use of “recall” for local school boards 1971
4 39 Correspondence regarding pledge of allegiance and Look Magazine 1971

Series 6: Consulting Activities

Sub-series 6.1 Educational Testing Service

Box Folder Description of Contents
4 40 ETS-Standing Committee on Tests and Measures
4 41 ETS-Michigan Assessment study Lansing, May 24, 1971
4 41A ETS-Statewide Educational Assessment
4 41B ETS Advisory Committee Materials

Series 6: Consulting Activities

Sub series 6.2 Drafts and Proposals

Box Folder Description of Contents
4 42 Accreditation- Education Commission of the States materials
4 43 James Massey materials – self-actualized high schools
4 44 Ron Moskowitz materials – restructuring of public schools
4 45 Nation’s Schools questions and answers
4 46 President’s Commission on School Finance
4 47 President’s Science Advisory Committee
4 48 Ken Wooden materials-reading

Series 6: Consulting Activities

Sub-series 6.3 State Programs

Box Folder Description of Contents
4 49 New Jersey Right to Read Plan