Permanent Main Line Improvement
Hudson River Division
New York Central Railroad Company

PRI5480

Quantity: 82 Photographs, ca. 1920s
Access: Open for research. Library does not own photonegatives.
Restrictions: White cotton gloves must be worn when handling photographs.  Library does not own copyright.  Can only be reproduced for individual research.
Acquisition: Gift: John A. Duffie, Madison, Wisconsin, October 2001
Processed By: James Summa, Senior Librarian, Manuscripts and Special Collections, 2006

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Scope and Content Note:

Collection of 82 photographs depicting construction being done on railroad tracks and the Breakneck, Garrison, and Storm King tunnels on the New York Central Railroad.
Work done by the Walsh Construction Company; A. D. Duffie, District Engineer.

Photo album was disassembled and each photograph numbered. Walsh Construction Company provided captions on each photograph. “Ingersoll-Rand Company” stamped on the back of each photograph.

List of Photographs:


Photo Description
1 “Looking north showing west side of New Hamburg Cut on the New York Central R.R. Walsh Construction Company.”
34347--2-30
2 “Looking north through the New Hamburg Cut on the New York Central R.R.  Walsh Construction Company.”
34346--2-30
3 “Reedco Cut on the New York Central R.R.  Walsh Construction Company.”
34353--2-30
4 “Reedco Cut on the New York Central R.R.  Walsh Construction Company.”
34352--2-30
5 “Reedco Cut on the New York Central R.R.  Walsh Construction Company.”
34351--2-30
6 “Looking north through the New Hamburg Cut on the New York Central R.R.  Walsh Construction Company.”
34345--2-30
7 “Looking north through the New Hamburg Cut on the New York Central R.R.  Walsh Construction Company.”
34350--2-30
8 “Looking south through the New Hamburg Cut on the New York Central R.R.  Walsh Construction Company.”
34349--2-30
9 “Bridge across the New Hamburg Cut on the New York Central R.R.  Walsh Construction Company.”
34348--2-30
10 “Breakneck Tunnels on the New York Central R.R. at Storm King, N.Y.  Walsh Construction Company.”
34356--2-30
11 “Breakneck Tunnels on the New York Central R.R. at Storm King, N.Y.  Walsh Construction Company.”
34355--2-30
12 “Breakneck Tunnels on the New York Central R.R. at Storm King, N.Y.  Walsh Construction Company.”
34354--2-30
13 “Frontal view of one of two special drill carriages constructed to drive the new Breakneck Tunnel on N.Y.C.R.R.  Walsh Construction Co. Contractor.”
29518-6-28
14 “View of the South Portal of the Breakneck Tunnel on New York Central Lines showing neat line of new tunnel being enlarged from old one.  Rock is removed by drilling and broaching method.  Drills mounted on special portable carriage.  X-715 and R515 were used."
30573--11-28
15 “Steam shovel mucking at heading in north portal of the Breakneck Tunnel.  Walsh Construction Co. Contractor.”
29523--6-28
16 “This picture taken to show manner of channeling sides and arch of the new Breakneck Tunnel.  Walsh Construction Co. Contractor.”
29524--6-28
17 “View of South end Breakneck Tunnel showing on the left new Tunnel which has recently been completed and on right old tunnel which is being enlarged.  The work consists of drilling and breaching [?] the rock.”
30570--11-28
18 “North Portal of Storm King Tunnel with approach excavated for a second paralleling tunnel at the right.  The masonry building is the shaft house of the Catskill Water Supply siphon that runs under the Hudson River.  Walsh Construction Co.  Davenport, Iowa  New York Central Lines.”
29125--6-28
19 “South end of Garrison Tunnel – open cut at right.  Walsh Construction Co., N.Y.C.R.R.”
28040--1-28
20 “Close-up of North end of Garrison Tunnel, new being enlarged for four tracks.  Walsh Construction Co. N.Y.C.R.R.”
28042--1-28
21 “North end of Garrison Tunnel being enlarged for four tracks.  Walsh Construction Co., N.Y.C.R.R.”
28041--1-28
22 “South portal of Garrison Tunnel enlarged and lined with concrete throughout.  Walsh Construction Co., N.Y.C.R.R."
29517--6-28
23 “North portal of the new enlarged and concrete lined tunnel at Garrison, N.Y.  N.Y.C.R.R.  Walsh Construction Co., Davenport, Iowa.”
29138--6-28
24 “Tunnel drill car equipped with three X-71 drifters and two R-52 stopers.  Garrison Tunnel, Walsh Construction Co’s 4-tracking contract on N.Y.C.R.R.”
26046--1-28
25 “Showing drill holes in roof of Garrison Tunnel preparatory to blasting.  Walsh Construction Co., N.Y.C.R.R.”
28047--1-28
26 “Loading a round of drill holes for enlarging Garrison Tunnel for four tracks.  Walsh Construction Co.  N.Y.C.R.R.”
28044--1-28
27 “Inside Garrison Tunnel, muck, after firing one ring round.  Walsh Construction Co.  N.Y.C.R.R.”
28043--1-28
28 “Two POC-2 110-hp oil engine compressors furnishing air for work at Breakneck Tunnel.  Walsh Construction Co.  N.Y.C.R.R.
28052--1-28
29 “South of Manitoo [Manitou?], N.Y. on the New York Central Lines where the Walsh Construction Co. is widening the right of way for four tracks.  N-72 sinkers are doing the heavy drilling.  Walsh Construction Co. Davenport, Iowa.”
29139--6-28
30 “South of Manitoo [Manitou?], N.Y. on the New York Central Lines where the Walsh Construction Co. is widening the right of way for four tracks.  N-72 sinkers are doing the heavy drilling.  Walsh Construction Co. Davenport, Iowa.”
29140--6-28
31 “North end of Breakneck Tunnel along side of which will be driven a 2-track tunnel for temporary use while 4-tracking the present tunnel.  Walsh Construction Co., N.Y.C.R.R.” [Handwritten notes on back by A. D. Duffie]
28048--1-28
32 “At work on approach of new Breakneck Tunnel drilling 30-foot holes with X-71 deep-hole drills.  Walsh Construction Co.  N.Y.C.R.R.”
28049--1-28
33 “The line of the rock excavation on the west side of the North Portal approach at the New Storm King Tunnel is not more than fifty feet away from the center of the shaft house of the Catskill Water Supply System.  Walsh Construction Co., Davenport, Iowa.”
29127--6-28
34 “Close-up of approach to the North Portal of the new Storm King Tunnel showing the close drilling resorted to to excavate the rock with the least possible shattering, so as not to jar and injure the nearby siphon shaft of the Catskill Water Supply System.  New York Central Lines, Walsh Construction Co. Davenport, Iowa.”
29128--6-28
35 “Approach to new double track Storm King Tunnel for the New York Central Lines, Walsh Construction Co., Davenport, Iowa.”
29126--6-28
36 “East Wall of the approach to the point where the North Portal of the new Storm King Tunnel will be driven for the New York Central Lines.  Walsh Construction Co. Davenport, Iowa.
29129--6-28
37 “Close-up of heading in Breakneck Tunnel, showing manner of curfing the contour of the arch and sides.  Walsh Construction Co. Contractor.”
29525--6-28
38 “Drill carriage at work at heading in south portal of new Breakneck Tunnel.  Walsh Construction Co. Contractor  New York Central R.R.”
29526--6-28
39 “Drill carriage at work at heading in south portal of new Breakneck Tunnel.  Walsh Construction Co. Contractor  New York Central R.R.”
29527--6-28
40 “South Portal of the new Breakneck Tunnel, showing meeting point of concrete lining with the rock recently drilled.  Walsh Construction Co. Contractor  New York Central R.R.”
29529--6-28
41 “Drill carriage at work at heading in south portal of new Breakneck Tunnel.  Walsh Construction Co. Contractor  New York Central R.R.”
29528--6-28
42 “South portal of new Storm King Tunnel with portal and the first driven section
concreted.  Drill carriage is mounted on the car seen on the track.  Walsh Construction     
Co. New York Central R.R.  Davenport, Iowa.”
29133--6-28
43 “South Portals of the Storm King Tunnels on the New York Central Lines.  Old tunnel at right, new tunnel under construction at left.  Walsh Construction Company, Davenport, Iowa.”
29132--6-28
44 “Close-up of the curf of the crown being drilled and broached with K-71 drifters.  New York Central Lines.  Walsh Construction Company, Davenport, Iowa.
[Handwritten notes on back by A. D. Duffie]
29136--6-28
45 “South Portal of new Storm King Tunnel with portal and the first driven section concreted.  Drill carriage is mounted on the car seen on the track.  New York Central Lines.  Walsh Construction Co. Davenport, Iowa.”
29134--6-28
46 “Drillers at work on the upper platform of the drill carriage channeling the arch curf.  Below and behind the ladder can be seen the manifolds numerous air lines for the drills, New York Central Lines.  Walsh Construction Co., Davenport, Iowa.”
29135--6-28
47 “Drill carriage that will be used in driving the new Storm King Tunnel southward from the North Portal.  New York Central Lines, Walsh Construction Co., Davenport, Iowa.”
29131--6-28
48 “Side-front view of one of two special drill carriages built to drive the new Breakneck Tunnel on the New York Central R.R.  Walsh Construction Co.  Contractor.”
29519--6-28
49 “Rear view of one of two drill carriages built to drive the new Breakneck Tunnel on the N.Y.C.R.R.  Walsh Construction Co. contractor.  Note air receiver and nearby manifold for supplying air to each of the 14 drills that can be mounted on the carriage.”
29520--6-28
50 “Close-up of drills mounted on crown of drill carriage frame.  The carriage is one of two built to drive the new Breakneck Tunnel on the N.Y.C.R.R.  Walsh Construction Co. Contractor.”
29521--6-28
51 “Old Breakneck Tunnel at left, north portal of the new Breakneck Tunnel being driven.  Note nearness of siphon shaft house of the Catskill Water Supply System of New York City.  Walsh Construction Co., Contractor.”
29522--6-28
52 “Line holing with N-72 sinker at approach to new Breakneck Tunnel.  Walsh Construction Co. N.Y.C.R.R.”
28050--1-28
53 “Compressor house at Manitoo [Manitou?], N.Y. in which there are three POC-2 oil engine compressors  New York Central Lines.  Walsh Construction Co., Davenport, Iowa.”
29144--6-28
54 “Three POC-2 oil-engine compressors that furnish air for operations in driving the new Storm King Tunnel.  New York Central Line compressor house located at South Portal.  Walsh Construction Co. Davenport, Iowa.”
29137--6-28
55 “Interior of blacksmith shop of the North Portal of the New Storm King Tunnel, New York Central Lines, Walsh Construction Co.  Davenport, Iowa.”
29130--6-28
56 “Approach and entrance to North portal of new Breakneck Tunnel recently completed (N.Y. Central Lines).”
30579--11-28
57 “View looking through new tunnel on New York Central Lines at Breakneck.”
30578--11-28
58 “View through new Breakneck Tunnel which has just been completed on N.Y. Central Lines.”
30577--11-28
59 “General view of Breakneck Tunnels on N.Y. Central R.R.  On right is new tunnel which has been completed – on left is entrance to old tunnel which is being enlarged, after the first blast.”
30580--11-28
60 “View shows section of  [?]  of old tunnel at Breakneck Tunnel which is being enlarged.  The top holes and sides down to 45 [degrees] are drilled with R-51 stopers.”
30576--11-28
61 “One end of special drill carriage with X-71 drifters mounted for lateral drilling.  The drifter takes care of all horizontal and side drilling up to 45 [degrees].  The roof is drilled with R-51 stopers.  View taken at north end of Breakneck Tunnel (New York Central Lines which is being enlarged.”
30575--11-28
62 “Special Drill Carriage used on enlargement of old Breakneck Tunnel (N.Y. Central Lines)  This portable carriage carries X-70 drills and R-51 Stopers and moves along the track as work progresses.”
30574--11-28
63 “View showing one of the two specially constructed drill carriages at the South Portal of the Breakneck Tunnel.  This portable carriage carries drifters for horizontal drilling along the neat line of the enlarged tunnel.”
30572--11-28
64 “General view taken at south portal showing special drill carriage used on enlargement of the Breakneck Tunnel on the New York Central Railroad.  The work consists of drilling and [?].”
30571--11-28
65 “One side of Blacksmith Shop.  Walsh Construction Company.  Breakneck Tunnel.  Cold Spring, N.Y.  Shop contains #50 Sharpener, #5 Oil Furnace and #8 Pedestal Grinder.”
39361-7-32
66 “Sharpened Steels in quenching tank ready to be loaded out for service.  Walsh Construction Co.  Breakneck Tunnel.  Cold Spring, N.Y.”
39362-7-32
67 “Drill doctor and IR Drills.  Walsh Construction Company.  Breakneck Highway Tunnel.  Cold Spring, N.Y.”
39360-7-32
68 “Interior of Compressor House.  Walsh Construction Company.  Breakneck Highway Tunnel.  Plant contains five Type POC-2 Compressors, each with 16½ x 13¼ x 19 air ends.
39359-7-32
69 “Unloading steel to serve drill carriage.  Walsh Construction Co. south heading.  Breakneck Tunnel.  Cold Spring, N.Y.”
39357-7-32
70 “General view of Compressor House sharpener shops, etc. with Storm King Mountain and Hudson River in background.  Walsh Construction Co. Breakneck Tunnel.  Cold Spring, N.Y.”
39363-7-32
71 “Air Receivers outside compressor plant.  Walsh Construction Co., Breakneck Highway Tunnel Job.”
39358-7-32
72 “Drill carriage of Walsh Construction Co. in position at face of south heading of Breakneck Highway Tunnel.”
39356-7-32
73 “View in north heading following shot.  Walsh Construction Co.”
39350-7-32
74 “View in north heading following shot.  Walsh Construction Co.”
39351-7-32
75 “Close view of muck pile following shot in north heading Breakneck Tunnel.  Walsh Construction Co.”
39352-7-32
76 “Front end of drill carriage for mounting 14 x 17 drills.  Walsh Construction Co.  Breakneck Tunnel.  Cold Spring, N.Y.”
39353-7-32
77 “View of Air Manifold on drill carriage.  Walsh Construction Co.  Breakneck Highway Runnel.  Cold Spring, N.Y.”
39354-7-28
78 “View of south portal with one of two N.Y.C. tunnels at left.  Walsh Construction Co., Cold Spring, N.Y.”
39355-7-32
79 “View from north showing left to right new highway tunnel.  Two New York Central lines tunnels and surface structure above Catskill water system shaft.  Walsh Construction Co.”
39348-7-32
80 “North Portal of 39 x 22 foot highway tunnel through Breakneck Mountain., New York.  Walsh Construction Co.”
39349-7-32
81 “South of Manitoo [Manitou?], N.Y. on the New York Central Lines where the Walsh Construction Co. is widening the right of way for four tracks.  N-72 sinkers are doing the heavy drilling.  Walsh Construction Co. Davenport, Iowa”
29141--6-28
82 “Garrison Tunnel drill car using four drills in enlarging for four tracks.  Walsh Construction Company, N.Y.C.R.R.”
28045--1-28
Last Updated: September 30, 2010