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Transcription: Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation

The language set within brackets or crossed out shows the changes added to or deleted from the Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation by Lincoln's Secretary of State, William H. Seward.

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By the President of the
United States of America

I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States of America, and Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy thereof, do hereby proclaim and declare that hereafter, as heretofore, the war will be prosecuted for the object of practically restoring the constitutional relation between the United States, and each of the states, and the people thereof, in which states that relation is, or may be suspended, or disturbed.

That it is my purpose, upon the next meeting of Congress to again recommend the adoption of a practical measure tendering pecuniary aid to the free acceptance or rejection of all slave-states, so called, the people whereof may not then be in rebellion against the United States, and which states [and] may then have voluntarily adopted, or thereafter may voluntarily adopt, immediate, or gradual abolishment of slavery within their respective limits; and that the effort to colonize persons of African descent [with their consent] upon this continent, or elsewhere, [with the previously obtained consent of the governments existing there,] will be continued.

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That on the first day of January in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves within any state, or designated part of a state, the people whereof shall than be in rebellion against the United States; shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free; and the executive government of the United States [including the military and naval authority thereof] will, during the continuance in office of the present incumbents, recognize [and maintain the freedom of] such persons, as being free, and will do no act or acts to repress such persons, or any of them, in any efforts they may make for their actual freedom.

That the executive will, on the first day of January aforesaid, by proclamation, designate the States, and parts of states, if any, in which the people thereof respectively, shall then be in rebellion against the United States; and the fact that any state, or the people thereof shall, on that day be, in good faith represented in the Congress of the United States, by members chosen thereto, at elections wherein a majority of the

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qualified voters of such state shall have participated, shall, in the absence of strong countervailing testimony, be deemed conclusive evidence that such state, and the people thereof, are not then in rebellion against the United States.

That attention is hereby called to an Act of Congress entitled "An Act to make an additional Article of War" approved March 13, 1862, and which act is in the words and figure following:

   Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assembled
, That hereafter the following
shall be promulgated as an additional article of war for the government
of the Army of the United States, and shall be obeyed and observed as
   Article --. All officers or persons in the military or naval service of
the United States are prohibited from employing any of the forces under
their respective commands for the purpose of returning fugitive from ser-
vice or labor, who may have escaped from any persons to whom such ser-
vice or labor is claimed to be due, and any officer who shall be found
guilty by a court martial of violating this article shall be dismissed from
the service.
   SEC.2. And be it further enacted, That this act shall take effect from
and after its passage.

Also to the ninth and tenth sections of an act entitled "An Act to suppress Insurrection, to punish Treason and Rebellion, to seize and confiscate property of rebels, and for other purposes," approved July 17, 1862, and which sections are in the words and figure following:

    SEC. 9. And be it further enacted, That all slaves of persons who
shall hereafter be engaged in rebellion against the government of the
United States, or who shall in any way give aid or comfort thereto, escap-
ing from such persons and taking refuge within the lines of the army;
and all slaves captured from such persons or deserted by them and coming
under the control of the government of the United States; and all slaves
of such persons found [or] being within any place occupied by rebel
forces and afterwards occupied by the forces of the United States, shall
be deemed captives of war, and shall be forever free of their servitude,
and not again held as slaves.
   SEC. 10. And be it further enacted, That no slave escaping into any
State, Territory, or the District of Columbia, from any other State, shall
be delivered up, or in any way impeded or hindered of his liberty, except
for crime, or some offence against the laws, unless the person claiming said
fugitive shall first make oath that the person to which the labor or service
of such fugitive is alleged to be due is his lawful owner, and has not borne
arms against the United States in the present rebellion, nor in any way given
aid and comfort thereto; and no person engaged in the military or naval
service of the United States shall, under any pretence whatever, assume
to decide on the validity of the claim of any person to the service or labor
of any other person, or surrender up any such person to the claimant, on
pain of being dismissed from the service.

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And I do hereby enjoin upon and order all persons engaged in the military and naval service of the United States to observe, obey, and enforce, within their respective spheres of service, the act and sections above recited.

And the executive will [in due time] [at the next session of Congress] recommend that all citizens of the United States who shall have remained loyal thereto throughout the rebellion, shall (upon the restoration of the constitutional relation between the United States, and their respective states, and people, if that relation shall have been suspended or disturbed) be compensated for all losses by acts of the United States, including the loss of slaves.


In witness whereof, I have
hereunto set my hand, and caused
the seal of the United States to be
Done at the City of Washington,
this twenty second day of September,
in the year of our Lord, one thousand, eight
hundred and sixty two, and sixty two [sic],
and of the Independence of the United
States the eighty seventh.
        Abraham Lincoln

By the President
William H. Seward,
Secretary of State
Last Updated: September 20, 2021