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Exhibit: NYS Regents Exams

Center display cases, showing Regents materials from 1970s.

June-July 2012

For June and July, the Library's seventh floor exhibit took a look at Regents Exams, which have been a staple of New York secondary education for well over 100 years: a statute in 1877 first authorized the New York State Board of Regents to give examinations as a standard for graduation from high school.

As official publications of the State, many past Regents Exams have been preserved in the State Library's collection of New York State Documents, and the June-July seventh floor exhibit featured examples of exams covering a ninety-year period, ranging from 1919 to 2009. There have been many changes to the high school examinations over that period, most visibly in the number of exams offered and the subjects covered.


In the first display case, a list of exams from the 1918-1919 school year indicated that over 80 tests were given, in about 40 subjects, There were multiple tests in many subjects, e.g. Elementary and Advanced Botany, or Second-Year, Third-Year and Fourth-Year French. Latin alone had eleven different exams, including Latin Grammar, Latin Prose Composition and Latin Verse at Sight! This emphasis on Latin (and Greek, for which there were four different exams) probably reflects an expectation of the time that students who planned to attend college should have an extensive classical education.

Two questions from the 1950 Regents Exam in Music.
Two questions from the Comprehensive Musicexam from 1950.

Those not planning to go on to college were not exempt from taking the Statewide exams, however; in addition to tests in traditional school subjects such as math, English, science and history, the 1919 exams also included tests for vocational subjects such as Bookkeeping and Business Practice, Commercial Law, Commercial Arithmetic and Typewriting.


By the mid-twentieth century, the number of different examinations produced by the State had been significantly reduced. The list of exams from 1949 shows that about 30 high school tests were offered - less than half the number available 30 years earlier. In addition to the high school tests, some preliminary tests for seventh and eighth graders were still being produced.

The reduction occurred because fewer tests were given in some subjects, such as Latin, while other subjects had been eliminated (e.g., Botany, Zoology, and History of Great Britain and Ireland). A variety of exams on vocational topics were still available, including a couple that hadn't been present in 1919: Comprehensive Vocational Agriculture and Comprehensive Vocational Homemaking.

Question and illustration about volcanoes.
Question from the 1979 Earth Science exam.


Thirty years later, the high school exams had been streamlined again. The list of exams for 1979 shows 21 tests given in 16 subjects. Some of the exams that disappeared between 1949 and 1979 were those for Music, Art, German and some vocational subjects.

The collected exams from this year, though, include one exam - Ninth Year Mathematics - that was translated into Spanish.


Fast forward another thirty years, and the list of exams offered in 2009 had been reduced to just 15. Some math and science exams, however, were translated not only into Spanish but into Chinese, Haitian Creole, Korean, and Russian as well.

Even though it included fewer exams than the older examples on display, the book from 2009 was thicker, because by that time, the teacher instructions were considerably expanded for some tests. The teacher materials for the June 2009 exam in Global History & Geography, for example, included several sample essays, scored and analyzed, to guide teachers in grading the thematic essay that students were required to write.

Math question in Korean.
Question from the Korean translation of the Mathematics A exam from 2005.

Catalog records

Other Resources

List of Regents Exams given in 1919, 1949, 1979 and 2009

Compiled as part of the exhibit, this list looks at how the subject areas changed over time by comparing subjects in which the exams were given at 30-year intervals between 1919 and 2009.

Subject 1919 Tests 1949 Tests 1979 Tests 2009 Tests
English Spelling Preliminary English (I; II)    
English (Elementary; Second Year; Third Year; 3 Years; Fourth Year; 4 Years) English (3 Years; 4 Years) Comprehensive English Comprehensive English
English Grammar      
History of English Language and Literature      
Math Arithmetic Preliminary Mathematics    
Algebra (Elementary; Intermediate; Advanced) Algebra (Intermediate; Advanced) Math 3-Yr Sequence, Course I
Mathematics, Yr 9
Integrated Algebra
Geometry (Plane; Solid) Geometry (Plane; Solid) Math 3-Yr Sequence, Course II
Mathematics, Yr 10
Trigonometry; Plane Trigonometry Trigonometry;
Eleventh Year Mathematics
Math 3-Yr Sequence, Course III
Mathematics – Yr 11
Mathematics B
Science   Preliminary Science    
Physics Physics Physics Physics
Chemistry; Applied Chemistry Chemistry Chemistry Chemistry
Biology; Advanced Biology Biology Biology Living Environment
Botany (Elementary; Advanced) Earth Science Earth Science Earth Science
Zoology (Elementary; Advanced)      
Physiology and Hygiene      
History/ Social Studies Elementary U.S. History with Civics Preliminary Social Studies    
American History with Civics
American History and World Backgrounds (II; III) Comprehensive Social Studies U.S. History and Government
Geography; Physical Geography
History (Ancient; Modern)
    Global History and Geography
History of Great Britain and Ireland      
History of Education      
Languages Latin (First 2 Years; Second Year; 2 Years; Third Year; 3 Years; Fourth Year; 4 Years; Grammar; Prose Composition; Prose at Sight; Verse at Sight) Latin (2 Years; 3 Years) Comprehensive Latin Comprehensive Latin
Greek (First Year; Second Year; Third Year; 3 Years; Prose Composition)      
Hebrew, Second Year Hebrew (2 Years; 3 Years) Comprehensive Hebrew  
French (Second Year; Third Year; Fourth Year) French (2 Years; 3 Years) Comprehensive French Comprehensive French
German (Second Year; Third Year; Fourth Year) German (2 Years; 3 Years)    
Spanish (Second Year; Third Year; Fourth Year) Spanish (2 Years; 3 Years) Comprehensive  Spanish Comprehensive Spanish
Italian (Second Year; Third Year) Italian (2 Years; 3 Years) Comprehensive Italian Comprehensive Italian
Vocational Bookkeeping and Business Practice (Elementary; Advanced) Bookkeeping II Bookkeeping and Accounting II  
Commercial Arithmetic Business Arithmetic Business Mathematics  
Commercial Law Business Law Business Law  
Commercial Geography      
Commercial English and Correspondence      
Business Writing (handwriting)      
Shorthand I and II Shorthand II and Transcription;
Combination Shorthand, Typewriting and Transcription
Shorthand II and Transcription  
Typewriting Typewriting I    
  Comprehensive Vocational Agriculture    
  Comprehensive Vocational Homemaking    
Art/ Music Elementary Representation; Intermediate Drawing; Elementary Mechanical Drawing Comprehensive Art (3 Years)    
Chorus Singing and Rudiments of Music; Dictation and Melody Writing; History of Music and Appreciation; Elementary Harmony Comprehensive Music (3 Years)    

Exhibit curated by Diane Madrigal

Last Updated: January 5, 2022