Chinquapin Oak
A Flora of the State of New-York by John Torrey (1843)

Chinquapin oak leaves and acorns, an illustration from A Flora of the State of New-York.

Chinquapin Oak (Quercus prinoides), plate CIX from volume two of A Flora of the State of New York, by John Torrey, published in 1843 as part of the New York State Museum series Natural History of New York. The following description of the chinquapin oak can be found on pages 193-194:

QUERCUS PRINOIDES, Willd. (Plate CIX.) Chinquapin Oak.
Leaves obovate and lanceolate-oblong, on short petioles, sinuately and sometimes indistinctly toothed, pubescent underneath, the teeth somewhat equal, callous at the tip ; acorns sessile, the cup hemispherical ; nut ovoid.-Willd.

A shrub 3 - 6 feet high, with numerous slender branches. Leaves 3 - 4 inches long and 14 - 24 inches wide, the teeth obtuse or somewhat acute, smooth and light green above, whitish or with a glaucous tinge underneath : petioles 3 - 5 lines long. Acorns numerous, large for the size of the plant ; the cup thin, closely imbricated with minute obtuse scales : nut rather obtuse ; the kernel sweetish, white. Sandy woods : Long Island, and between Albany and Schenectady. Fl. May. Fr. End of September. This species, which is often called Dwarf Chestnut Oak, grows in large patches, but is too small to be applied to any use. The acorns are devoured by squirrels and other animals, so that it is rare to find them lying on the ground.

The New York State Library has scanned Natural History of New York, as well as many other historical documents, and posted them online in PDF format as part of its Digital Collections.

Last Updated: October 6, 2009