Robert R. Livingston (1746–1813):
This chancellor of New York, statesman, diplomat, farmer, and experimenter was born in New York City. In 1770 he married Mary (Polly) Stevens, sister of John Stevens. He became interested in steamboats in the 1790s, and funded Robert Fulton’s experiments.
He secured the grant of a monopoly on steam navigation in New York State in 1798. His renewal of the monopoly in 1803 and supplementary laws in 1808 and 1811 led to the filing of a number of lawsuits to break the monopoly. The legal conflict was ended only by the decision in the case of Gibbons vs. Ogden in 1824.
* BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION from:
Dictionary of American Biography,
New York State Library call number: A,920.073,qD55a