James Van Ingen (d. Feb. 22, 1843?, Albany?):
James Van Ingen was an Albany lawyer, one of the twenty-one men who built two steamboats, the Hope and the Perseverance, which started to ply the waters of the Hudson in 1811. He and his partners became plaintiffs in the first court case challenging the Livingston-Fulton monopoly: Livingston vs. Van Ingen (9 Johnson 506, 1811).
A New York chancery court ruled against Fulton and Livingston, who appealed the decision to the New York Court of Errors, "the court of last resort in the state." The three judges of that court, Yates, Thompson and Kent, ruled unanimously in favor of Livingston and Fulton, declaring that their "exclusive right to navigate the waters of this state by boats propelled by fire or steam, is constitutional."
* BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION from:
Dictionary of American Biography,
New York State Library call number: A,920.073,qD55a