Battle of Seven Pines

Battle of Seven Pines (Fair Oaks)

The Battle of Seven Pines, also known as the Battle of Fair Oaks (or Fairoaks), took place on May 31 and June 1, 1862, in Henrico County, Virginia, as part of the Peninsula Campaign. On May 31, 1862, Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston attempted to overwhelm two Federal corps that appeared isolated south of the Chickahominy River. The Confederate assaults succeeded in driving back the Federal IV Corps and inflicting heavy casualties. Reinforcements arrived, and both sides fed more and more troops into the action. The Federal position was finally stabilized with support from the III Corps and Sedgwick's division of the II Corps. On June 1, the Confederates renewed their assaults against the Federal troops, but made little headway. Both sides claimed victory. Although the battle was tactically inconclusive, it was the largest battle in the Eastern Theater up to that time and marked the end of the Union's advance on Richmond.

New York State troops that were involved in the Battle of Seven Pines, according to New York in the War of the Rebellion (vol. 1), were 6th Cavalry; Field & Staff, Batteries A, B, D, G, H, 1st Artillery; Battery A, 2d Battalion Artillery; 4th Independent Battery; 5th Independent Battery; 6th Independent Battery; 7th Independent Battery; 8th Independent Battery; 34th Infantry; 36th Infantry; 37th Infantry; 38th Infantry; 40th Infantry; 42d Infantry; 52d Infantry; 55th Infantry; 56th Infantry; 57th Infantry; 61st Infantry; 62d Infantry; 63d Infantry; 64th Infantry; 65th Infantry; 66th Infantry; 67th Infantry; 69th Infantry (Irish Brigade); 70th Infantry; 71st Infantry; 72d Infantry; 73d Infantry; 74th Infantry; 81st Infantry; 82d Infantry; 85th Infantry; 87th Infantry; 88th Infantry; 92d Infantry; 96th Infantry; 98th Infantry;100th Infantry.

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Thumbnail Caption/Description Source of Illustration Publication
Date
Thumbnail image of a black-and-white magazine illustration showing a charge during the Battle of Seven Pines/Fair Oaks. Charge of General Sickles's brigade upon rebels at the Battle of Fairoaks. Harper's Weekly,
June 21, 1862,
Pages 392-393
1862-06-21
Thumbnail image of a black-and-white magazine illustration of a rebel attack on Kirby's battery. The Army of the Potomac - Furious attack of the rebels on Kirby’s battery at Fairoaks. Harper's Weekly,
July 5, 1862,
Page 428
1862-07-05
charge Charge of the 88th and 69th N.Y.V. (Irish Brigade) at the Battle of Fair Oaks. New York Illustrated News,
June 21, 1862,
Pages 120-121
1862-06-21
lightning The Army of the Potomac - Captain Wheeler’s battery struck by lightning. Harper's Weekly,
July 5, 1862,
Page 429
1862-07-05
Lowe Professor Lowe dictating a dispatch to Gen. McClellan during the Battle at Fair Oaks. New York Illustrated News,
July 5, 1862,
Page 136
1862-07-05
bird's eye Birds-eye view of Richmond and the vicinity. Harper's Weekly,
July 12, 1862,
Page 437
1862-07-12
map Map of the seat of war in Virginia, showing the old and New positions of the Army of the Potomac. Harper's Weekly,
July 19, 1862
Page 455
1862-07-19
sketches Sketches around the Fair Oaks battle field. New York Illustrated News,
June 28, 1862,
Page [113]
1862-06-28
wounded Battle field at Fair Oaks - Bringing the wounded soldiers to the cars of the Richmond and York Railroad. New York Illustrated News,
June 28, 1862,
Page 116
1862-06-28
meagher General Meagher’s Headquarters on the battle ground of Fair Oaks. New York Illustrated News,
June 28, 1862,
Page 124
1862-06-28
camp life Camp Life before Richmond, Virginia. New York Illustrated News,
July 5, 1862,
Page 137
1862-07-05
federal Federal soldiers burying the dead on the battlefield of Fair Oaks. New York Illustrated News,
July 5, 1862,
Page 129
1862-07-05
more burying Scene on the battle ground at Fair Oaks - Burying dead horses to clear the field in front of the headquarters of generals Hooker and Sickles. New York Illustrated News,
July 5, 1862,
Page 140
1862-07-05
burying The Army of the Potomac - Burying dead and burning horses at Fairoaks Station, Virginia. Harper's Weekly,
July 19, 1862,
Page 453
1862-07-19

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Last Updated: July 12, 2012