book: American boy's life of Theodore Rooseveltklh

Theodore Roosevelt in New York

January 2019

January 2019 marks the centennial of the death of Theodore Roosevelt (October 27, 1858 - January 6, 1919). The New York State Library honors this great New Yorker by exhibiting a few items from the collection written by and about Theodore Roosevelt.

Theodore Roosevelt exhibit - books chronicling Roosevelt's life, from boyhood to President

In his 60 years of life, Theodore Roosevelt was many things to many people including birdwatcher; conservationist; poet and author; beloved brother, father and husband; soldier; North Dakota rancher; reformer; Sunday School teacher; New York State legislator; New York State Governor; and, as author David Pietrusza describes him in the 'Players in Our Drama' section of his book 1920:The Year of Six Presidents:

The Rough Rider himself. President. Historian. Cowboy. Police commissioner. Trust-buster. Explorer. Naturalist. Big-game hunter. Nobel Prize-winner. He has been president once – and wants the job again. Only the hand of God can keep him from the White House in 1920.

On January 6, 1919 Theodore Roosevelt died unexpectedly in his sleep at his home, Sagamore Hill, after being hospitalized in November and December of 1918 for inflammatory rheumatism.  His illness was likely and unfortunately compounded by the malaria he had contracted on his trip to Brazil in 1913-1914. The Vice-President at that time, Thomas Marshall, is quoted as saying "Death had to take him sleeping. For if Roosevelt had been awake, there would have been a fight."

Theodore Roosevelt exhibit - center case

The large exhibit cases highlight memorials on the death and life of Theodore Roosevelt, as well as pictures and books about his life and accomplishments. Indeed, many, many, many books have been written about Roosevelt since he himself began chronicling his own life.

Of note, on exhibit are two pages from Stefan Lorant's book The Life and Times of Theodore Roosevelt featuring an image of a newspaper announcement of his death, a drawing by his friend and fellow conservationist Ding Darling, and an image of his death mask.

Theodore Roosevelt exhibit - Notable biographies of Roosevelt

Also of note in the large cases are three books written about Theodore Roosevelt by David McCullough, Doris Kearns Goodwin, and Paul Grondahl. Next to these books are quotes from these authors about what drew them to writing about Theodore Roosevelt.

The smaller exhibit cases highlight some of TR's time in New York, from birth to 'living memorial'.

book: Summer birds of the Adirondacks in Franklin County, NY

Birth and birds

TR was a native New Yorker. He was born in New York City and the home he lived in is now a National Historic Site. He spent time in the Adirondacks as a youth, and his first published work was The Summer Birds of the Adirondacks in Franklin County, NY. Written with his friend H. D. Minot, it is an annotated listing of birds they had observed in Franklin County. A 2001 reprint is on display.

New York Assemblyman Roosevelt

In 1881, at just twenty three years of age, TR began his tenure in the New York State Assembly. In an excerpt from Edmund Morris' book The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt published in the February/March, 1979 issue of the journal American Heritage Morris notes:

To say that Theodore Roosevelt made a vivid first impression upon his colleagues would hardly be an exaggeration. From the moment that he appeared in the caucus room, there was a chorus of incredulous and delighted comment. Memories of his entrance, transcribed many years later, vary as to time and place, but all share the common image of a young man bursting through a door and pausing for an instant while all eyes were upon him ... 

Police Commissioner Roosevelt

In 1895 TR was appointed Police Commissioner of New York City where he spent time with journalist Jacob Riis, and others, on midnight walks through New York City. Richard Zacks, author of Island of Vice: Theodore Roosevelt's Quest to Clean up Sin-Loving New York notes that Roosevelt knew Jacob Riis' seminal photographic book about the poverty in New York City tenements, How the Other Half Lives and that:

When Roosevelt first read the book, he sought out the author at the Evening Sun offices. Missing him, TR left his card, with these words on the back: "I have read your book and I have come to help."

The dawn of the reform era in the police department began on May 6, 1895, when sixty-eight-year-old mayor William L. Strong, a former bank president, in a brief 10 a.m. ceremony at City Hall, swore Theodore Roosevelt in as police commissioner.

Governor Roosevelt

document: Theodore Roosevelt Centennial

Roosevelt was elected Governor of New York State in 1898 and served in that role from 1899-1900, when he was elected as the Vice-President of the United States. Editor Gilbert J. Black notes in Theodore Roosevelt 1858-1919 that as governor, Roosevelt "signed bills regulating tenement sweatshops, utilities and insurance companies, food and drugs, child labor, minimum pay for teachers, 8-hour day for state employees, factory inspectors" and enacted many other reforms.

Vice-President Roosevelt to President Roosevelt

Roosevelt served only a short time as Vice-President of the United States. He was inaugurated as Vice-President in March, 1901 and President William McKinley was shot in Buffalo, NY on September 6, 1901. President McKinley died of his wounds on September 14. From Theodore Roosevelt, 1858-1919:

September 13, 1901
While hiking, Roosevelt received word that McKinley was dying. After a wild night ride by buckboard he reached his special train in North Creek to learn McKinley had died. In Buffalo on the 14th, Judge John R. Hazel of the United States District Court administered the oath of office in the library of the Ansley Wilcox home.

book: Theodore Roosevelt's Night Ride to the Presidency

Also on exhibit are the accounts of two women who bore witness to parts of this wild night ride. Christina Rainsford shares her story in an article published in the Theodore Roosevelt Association Journal (vol VII No 3 Summer, 1981). Rainsford writes:

On a damp night in September, 1901, a man muffled in a heavy overcoat with a slouched hat pulled down over his eyes jumped in a waiting buffy; the horse leaped forward into the darkness – an historic ride had begun. Of all the dramatic happenings of that day the thing I remember the most vividly is the excitement of being allowed to sit up long after my bedtime to stand in the muddy road and wave goodbye. The man who started on that ride was Vice-President of the United States; when his exhausted and mud-spattered hours brought him to his destination, he was President.

Eloise Cronin Murphy shares her story in Theodore Roosevelt's Night Ride to the Presidency published by the Adirondack Museum (now known as the Adirondack Experience, the Museum on Blue Mountain Lake). Murphy was the daughter of Mike Cronin who drove Theodore Roosevelt from Aiden Lair to North Creek where he caught a special train to Buffalo.

Sagamore hill and a living memorial

During his tenure as President of the United States, Roosevelt maintained a "Summer White House" at Oyster Bay, NY called Sagamore Hill. The Roosevelts had made their home at Sagamore Hill since 1885.

It was to Sagamore Hill that Roosevelt returned after his stay at the Roosevelt hospital in late 1918, and here he died and is buried in the nearby Youngs Cemetery. His cousins, Emlen and Christine Roosevelt, who lived adjacent, donated twelve acres to the Audubon Society for a bird sanctuary, fittingly as a "living memorial to a great man."

Bibliography for this exhibit

  • Berman, Jay Stuart. Police Administration and Progressive Reform: Theodore Roosevelt as Police Commissioner of New York.
    NYS Library Call Number: C, 352.2097474 B516 88-028509
  • Black, Gilbert J. editor. Theodore Roosevelt: 1858-1919
    NYS Library Call Number: C, 973.911 Zr7u6
  • Chessman, G. Wallace. Governor Theodore Roosevelt: the Albany Apprenticeship 1898-1900.
    NYS Library Call Number: R, 974.704 C524
  • Garraty, John Arthur. Theodore Roosevelt: The Strenuous Life.
    NYS Library Call Number: C, 973.911 R781 200-4237
  • Goodwin, Doris Kearns. The Bully Pulpit: Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and the Golden Age of Journalism.
    NYS Library Call Number: C, 973.911 G656 214-1122
  • Grondahl, Paul. I Rose Like a Rocket: The Political Education of Theodore Roosevelt.
    NYS Library Call Number: C, 973.91109 R781 204-3787
  • Jeffers, H. Paul. Commissioner Roosevelt: The Story of Theodore Roosevelt and the New York City Police, 1895-1897.
    NYS Library Call Number: C, 363.2092 R781 98-2066
  • Johnston, William Davison.  TR: Champion of the Strenuous life.
    NYS Library Call Number: C, 973.911 Zr7j
  • Kohn, Edward P. Heir to the Empire City: New York and the Making of Theodore Roosevelt.
    NYS Library Call Number: C, 973.91109 K795 214-1116
  • Lorant, Stefan.  The Life and Times of Theodore Roosevelt.
    NYS Library Call Number: CQ, 973.911 qZr7L86
  • McCullough, David G.  Mornings on Horseback.
    NYS Library Call Number: C, 973.9110924 R781 82-27293
  • A Memorial to Theodore Roosevelt: Authorized by the Legislature February Twenty-First, Nineteen Hundred Nineteen.
    NYS Library Call Number: D, LEG 011.9 MEMTR 206-2092
  • Morris, Edmund. "The Cyclone Assemblyman" American Heritage vol 30, is 2 p 34-43.
    NYS Library Call Number: J, 973 A51he
  • Murphy, Eloise Cronin. Theodore Roosevelt's Night Ride to the Presidency.
    NYS Library Call Number: C, 973.911 M978 79-25575
  • New York State Radio Bureau Packet.  "100th Anniversary of Theodore Roosevelt's birth".
    NYS Library Call Number: D, RAD 325-3 PACKE 200-19 v. 13 no. 31 1958
  • Pietrusza, David. 1920: The Year of Six Presidents. 
    NYS Library Call Number: C, 973.913 P626 207-7205
  • Roosevelt, Theodore.  A Book-lover's Holidays in the Open.
    NYS Library Call Number: Z, 799 R78b
  • Roosevelt, Theodore and H.D. Minot.  The Summer Birds of the Adirondacks in Franklin County NY
    NYS Library Call Number: C, 598.29747 R78 2001
  • Roosevelt, Theodore.  Works of Theodore Roosevelt.  Prepared under the auspices of the Roosevelt Memorial Association: Hermann Hagedorn, editor.
    NYS Library Call Number: C, 818.5 r78w 1927
  • Sells, Edward S. From the Ranch to the White House: Life of Theodore Roosevelt, Author, Legislator, Field Sportsman, Soldier, Reformer, and Executive.
    NYS Library Call Number: C, 973.911 Zr7e4
  • Stratemeyer, Edward. American Boys' Life of Theodore Roosevelt.
    NYS Library Call Number: C, 973.911092 R781 99-7603
  • Theodore Roosevelt Association Journal
    NYS Library Call Number: R, 923.173 T388 78-55231
  • Theodore Roosevelt Centennial, October 27, 1957 to October 27, 1958.
    NYS Library Call Number: D, UNI 068-4 THERC 98-5192
  • Theodore Roosevelt in New York State: Places in the Empire State Associated with the 26th President which may be Visited by the Public.
    NYS Library Call Number: D, Com 132-4 THERN 943167
  • Town, Charles Hanson, editor.  Roosevelt as the Poets Saw Him: Tributes from the Singers of America and England to Theodore Roosevelt.
    NYS Library Call Number: C, 973.911 Zr7t7
  • Wilcox, David H. The Ansley Wilcox House and Its Furnishings: Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site, Buffalo, New York.
    NYS Library Call Number: US Doc, I 29.88/2-2:An 8
  • Zacks, Richard. Island of Vice: Theodore Roosevelt's Quest to Clean up Sin-Loving New York
    NYS Library Call Number: C, 363.23097 Z16 214-1794

Search for "Theodore Roosevelt" in the online catalog to discover the many, many more holdings on TR at the New York State Library!

 

Exhibit curated by Kerry Shermer and Michael Meyer.

Last Updated: January 4, 2019